Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is a common condition that affects the hand and wrist, causing pain, numbness, and tingling. It occurs when the median nerve, which runs from the forearm into the palm of the hand, becomes compressed or squeezed at the wrist. #CarpalTunnelAwareness #CTSsymptoms #WristPainRelief #HandHealth #NerveCompression #HealthcareInsights

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Causes of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:

  • Repetitive Hand and Wrist Movements: Continuous and repetitive motions of the hand and wrist, such as typing on a keyboard, using a computer mouse, or assembly line work, can lead to CTS over time.

  • Anatomical Factors: Some people may have a smaller carpal tunnel or a predisposition to CTS due to their anatomical structure.

  • Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, arthritis, thyroid disorders, and pregnancy, can increase the risk of developing CTS.

  • Trauma or Injury: Injuries to the wrist, such as fractures or sprains, can cause swelling and pressure on the median nerve, leading to CTS symptoms.

Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:

  • Numbness and Tingling: Patients often experience numbness, tingling, or a "pins and needles" sensation in the thumb, index, middle, and ring fingers.

  • Pain and Weakness: Pain may radiate from the wrist up the arm or down into the palm or fingers. Weakness in the hand and a decreased grip strength are also common symptoms.

  • Nighttime Symptoms: Many individuals with CTS report worsening symptoms at night, often waking up with numbness or pain in the affected hand.

  • Symptoms Aggravated by Activities: Symptoms may worsen during activities that involve flexing or extending the wrist, such as driving or holding a phone.

Diagnosis and Treatment:

  • Physical Examination: A healthcare provider will perform a physical examination, assessing the patient's hand, wrist, and arm for signs of CTS.

  • Electrodiagnostic Tests: Nerve conduction studies and electromyography may be conducted to evaluate the function and health of the median nerve and muscles in the hand and arm.

  • Splinting: Wearing a wrist splint, especially at night, can help keep the wrist in a neutral position and relieve pressure on the median nerve.

  • Medications: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, or corticosteroid injections may be prescribed to reduce inflammation and alleviate pain.

  • Physical Therapy: Specific exercises and stretches can help improve strength, flexibility, and range of motion in the wrist and hand.

  • Surgery: In severe cases or when conservative treatments fail, surgery may be recommended to relieve pressure on the median nerve by enlarging the carpal tunnel.

Prevention Tips:

  • Take Breaks: If your job involves repetitive hand movements, take frequent breaks to rest and stretch your hands and wrists.

  • Use Proper Ergonomics: Ensure that your workstation is set up ergonomically, with proper posture and equipment positioning to minimize strain on the wrists.

  • Maintain a Healthy Weight: Excess weight can increase pressure on the median nerve, so maintaining a healthy weight through diet and exercise may help prevent CTS.

  • Avoid Excessive Force: Try to avoid activities that require excessive gripping or forceful hand movements for prolonged periods.


Carpal Tunnel Syndrome can significantly impact daily activities and quality of life, but early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can often alleviate symptoms and prevent long-term complications. By understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for CTS, individuals can take proactive steps to manage the condition and maintain hand and wrist health.

Centers or Clinics in the United Kingdom:

  • London Orthopaedic Clinic

    • Location: London
  • Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital

    • Location: Stanmore, Middlesex
  • Fortius Clinic

    • Location: London
  • BMI Healthcare

    • Various locations across the UK
  • Nuffield Health

    • Various locations across the UK

Centers or Clinics in Turkey:

  • Acıbadem Healthcare Group

    • Locations: Various cities including Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir
  • Medical Park Hospitals Group

    • Locations: Various cities including Istanbul, Ankara, Antalya
  • Memorial Healthcare Group

    • Locations: Various cities including Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir
  • Liv Hospital

    • Locations: Istanbul
  • Florence Nightingale Hospitals

    • Locations: Various cities including Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir

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The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and should not be considered medical advice. If you have any health concerns or are experiencing symptoms, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional, such as a doctor or clinic, for proper diagnosis and treatment. Always seek the advice of your doctor or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Do not disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read in this article.

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